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Shtai W., Asensio D., Kadison A. E., Schwarz M., Raifer B., Andreotti C., Hammerle A., Zanotelli D., Haas F., Niedrist G., Wohlfahrt G., Tagliavini M. (2024) Soil water availability modulates the response of grapevine leaf gas exchange and PSII traits to a simulated heat wave. Plant and Soil, doi: 10.1007/s11104-024-06536-7. [OPEN ACCESS]

Tomelleri E., Scholz K., Pighini S., Carotenuto F., Gioli B., Miglietta F., Sommaruga R., Tonon, G. Zaldei A., Wohlfahrt G. (2024) A Novel Method for Characterizing the Inter- and Intra-Lake Variability of CH4 Emissions: Validation and Application Across a Latitudinal Transect in the Alpine Region. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences 129 (5), e2023JG007392, doi: 10.1029/2023JG007392. [OPEN ACCESS]

Zhang Q., Yi C., Wohlfahrt G., Chen D., Rietkerk M., Tian Z., Wu M., Kutter E., Han J., Hendrey G., Xu S. (2024) Climate indices as predictors of global soil organic carbon stocks. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, doi: 10.1080/04353676.2024.2335000.

Kitz F., Wachter H., Spielmann F., Hammerle A., Wohlfahrt G. (2024) Root and rhizosphere contribution to the soil COS exchange. Plant and Soil 498, 325-339, doi: 10.1007/s11104-023-06438-0. [OPEN ACCESS]

Reif M., Rotach M.W., Gohm A., Wohlfahrt G. (2024) Carbon Dioxide Exchange in an Idealized Valley. Environmental Modelling and Software 171, 105887, doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2023.105887.


Xie M., …, Wohlfahrt G., … et al. (2023) Monitoring of carbon-water fluxes at Eurasian meteorological stations using random forest and remote sensing. Scientific Data 10, 587, doi: 10.1038/s41597-023-02473-9. [OPEN ACCESS]

Graf A., Wohlfahrt G., … et al. (2023) Joint optimization of land carbon uptake and albedo can help achieve moderate instantaneous and long-term cooling effects. Communications Earth & Environment, 4, 298, doi: 10.1038/s43247-023-00958-4. [OPEN ACCESS]

Gomarasca, U., Migliavacca, M., Kattge, J., Nelson, J. A., Niinemets, U., Wirth, C., Cescatti, A., Bahn, M., Nair, R., Acosta, A. T. R., Arain, M. A., Beloiu, M., Black, T. A., Bruun, H. H., Bucher, S. F., Buchmann, N., Byun, C., Carrara, A., Conte, A., da Silva, A. C., Duveiller, G., Fares, S., Ibrom, A., Knohl, A., Komac, B., Limousin, J. M., Lusk, C. H., Mahecha, M. D., Martini, D., Minden, V., Montagnani, L., Mori, A. S., Onoda, Y., Penuelas, J., Perez-Priego, O., Poschlod, P., Powell, T. L., Reich, P. B., Sigut, L., van Bodegom, P. M., Walther, S., Wohlfahrt, G., Wright, I. J., and Reichstein, M. (2023) Leaf-level coordination principles propagate to the ecosystem scale. Nature Communications 14, 3948, doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-39572-5. [OPEN ACCESS]

Abdalla M., Feigenwinter I., Richards M., Vetter S.H., Wohlfahrt G., Skiba U., Pintér K., Nagy Z., Hejduk S., Buchmann N., Newell-Price P., Smith P. (2023) Evaluation of the ECOSSE model for estimating soil respiration from eight European permanent grassland sites. Agronomy 13(7), 1734, doi: 10.3390/agronomy13071734 [OPEN ACCESS]

Spielmann F. M., Hammerle A., Kitz F., Gerdel K., Alberti G., Peressotti A., Delle Vedove G., Wohlfahrt G. (2023) On the variability of the leaf relative uptake rate of carbonyl sulfide compared to carbon dioxide: insights from a paired field study with two soybean varieties. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 338, 109504, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2023.109504. [OPEN ACCESS]

Xue K., Song L., Xu Y., Liu S., Zhao G., Tao S., Magliulo E., Manco A., Liddell M., Wohlfahrt G., Varlagin A., Montagnani L., Woodgate W., Loubet B., Zhao L. (2023) Estimating ecosystem evaporation and transpiration using a soil moisture coupled two-source energy balance model across FLUXNET sites. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 337, 109513, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2023.109513.

Migliavacca M., Gu L., Woods J.D., Wohlfahrt G. (2023) Editorial special issue: Advancing foundational sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 337, 109499, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2023.109499.

Wohlfahrt G., Schmitt M., Zeller L., Hörand A., Spittel-Schnell K., Schnell R., Wulms T., Bültge M. (2023) Air temperature and humidity effects on the performance of conservation detection dogs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 262, 105909, doi: 10.1016/j.applanim.2023.105909[OPEN ACCESS]

Klein C., Hänchen L., Potter E. R., Junquas C., Harris B. L., Maussion F. (2023) Untangling the importance of dynamic and thermodynamic drivers for wet and dry spells across the Tropical Andes. Environmental Research Letters 18, 034002, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/acb72b. [OPEN ACCESS]

Wohlfahrt G., Hammerle A., Spielmann F.M., Kitz F., Yi C. (2023) Technical note: Novel estimates of the leaf relative uptake rate of carbonyl sulfide from optimality theory. Biogeosciences 20, 589-596, doi: 10.5194/bg-20-589-2023. [OPEN ACCESS]

S. Guseva, F. Armani, A. R. Desai, N. L. Dias, T. Friborg, H. Iwata, J. Jansen, G. Lükő, I. Mammarella, I. Repina, A. Rutgersson, T. Sachs, K. Scholz, U. Spank, V. Stepanenko, P. Torma, T. Vesala, A. Lorke (2023) Bulk Transfer Coefficients Estimated from Eddy-Covariance Measurements over Lakes and Reservoirs. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, doi: 10.1029/2022JD037219. [OPEN ACCESS]

Zhang W. et al. (2023) The effect of relative humidity on eddy covariance latent heat flux measurements and its implication for partitioning into transpiration and evaporation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 330, 109305, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2022.109305. [OPEN ACCESS]


Bao S., Ibrom A., Wohlfahrt G., Koirala S., Migliavacca M., Zhang Q., Carvalhais N. (2022) Narrow but robust advantages in two-leaf light use efficiency models over big-leaf light use efficiency models at ecosystem level. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 326, 109185, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2022.109185.[OPEN ACCESS]

Jiang N., Shen M., Ciais P., Campioli M., Peñuelas J., Körner C., Cao R., Piao s., Wang S., Liang E., Delpierre N., Soudani K., Rao Y., Montagnani L., Hörtnagl L., Zhang Y., Paul-Limoges E., Myneni R., Wohlfahrt G., Fu Y., Šigut L., Varlagin A., Wu C., Chen J., Tang Y. (2022) Warming does not delay start of autumnal leaf coloration but slows its progress rate. Global Ecology and Biogeography 31, 2297-2313, doi: 10.1111/geb.13581. [OPEN ACCESS]

Rotach M.R., Serafin S., Ward H.C., Arpagaus M., Colfescu I., Cuxart J., De Wekker S.F.J., Grubišic V., Kalthoff N., Karl T., Kirshbaum D.J., Lehner M., Mobbs S., Paci A., Palazzi E., Bailey A., Schmidli J., Wittmann C., Wohlfahrt G., Zardi D. (2022) A collaborative effort to better understand, measure and model atmospheric exchange processes over mountains. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 103, E1282-E1295, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-21-0232.1. [OPEN ACCESS]

Abadie C., Maignan F., Remaud M., Ogée J., Campbell J.E., Whelan M.E., Kitz F., Spielmann F.M., Wohlfahrt G., Wehr R., Sun W., Raoult N., Seibt U., Hauglustaine D., Lennartz S.T., Belviso S., Montagne D., Peylin P. (2022) Global modelling of soil carbonyl sulfide exchange. Biogeosciences 19, 2427-2463, doi: 10.5194/bg-19-2427-2022. [OPEN ACCESS]

Kaser L., Peron A., Graus M., Striednig M., Wohlfahrt G., Juran S., Karl T. (2022) Interannual variability of terpenoid emissions in an alpine city. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 22, 5603-5618, doi: 10.5194/acp-22-5603-2022. [OPEN ACCESS]

Price et al. (2022) The International Mountain Conference, Innsbruck, Austria, September 2019 (IMC2019): A Synthesis with Recommendations for Research. Mountain Research and Development 42, A1-A16, doi: 10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-21-00027.1. [OPEN ACCESS]

Lembrechts et al. (2022) Global maps of soil temperature. Global Change Biology 28, 3110-3144, doi: 10.1111/gcb.16060. [OPEN ACCESS]

Hänchen L., Klein C., Maussion F., Gurgiser W., Calanca P., Wohlfahrt G. (2022) Widespread greening suggests increased dry-season plant water availability in the Rio Santa valley, Peruvian Andes. Earth System Dynamics 13, 595-611, doi: 10.5194/esd-13-595-2022[OPEN ACCESS]

Martini D., Sakowska K., Wohlfahrt G., Pacheco-Labrador J., Van der Tol C., Porcar-Castell A., Magney T., Carrara A., Colombo R., El-Madany T., González Cascón R., Martin M.P., Julitta T., Moreno G., Rascher U., Reichstein M., Rossini M., Migliavacca M. (2022) Heatwave breaks down the linearity between sun-induced fluorescence and gross primary production. New Phytologist 233, 2415-2428, doi:  10.1111/nph.17920. [OPEN ACCESS]

Seeber J., Tasser E., Rubatscher D., Loacker I., Lavorel S., Robson T.M., Balzarolo M., Altimir N., Drösler M., Vescovo L., Gamper S., Barančok P., Staszewski T., Wohlfahrt G., Cernusca A., Sebastia M.-T., Tappeiner U., Bahn M. (2022) Effect of land use on carbon and nitrogen pool partitioning in European mountain grasslands. Science of the Total Environment 822, 153380, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153380.

Bao S., Wutzler T., Koirala S., Cuntz M., Ibrom A., Besnard S., Walther S., Šigut L., Moreno A., Weber U., Wohlfahrt G., Cleverly J., Migliavacca M., Woodgate W., Merbold L., Veenendaal E.M., Carvalhais N. (2022) Environment-Sensitivity Functions for Gross Primary Productivity in Light Use Efficiency Models. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 312, 108708, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2021.108708. [OPEN ACCESS]


Kooijmans L., Cho A., Ma J., Kaushik A., Haynes K.D., Baker I., Luijkx I.T., Groenink M., Peters W. Miller J.B., Berry J.A., Ogée J., Meredith L.K., Sun W., Kohonen K.-M., Vesala T., Mammarella I., Chen H., Spielmann F.M., Wohlfahrt G., Berkelhammer M., Whelan M.E., Maseyk K., Seibt U., Commane R., Wehr R., Krol M. (2021) Evaluation of carbonyl sulfide biosphere exchange in the Simple Biosphere Model (SiB4). Biogeosciences 18, 6547-6565, doi: 10.5194/bg-18-6547-2021[OPEN ACCESS]

Migliavacca M., …, Wohlfahrt G., … et al. (2021) The three major axes of terrestrial ecosystem function. Nature, doi: 10.1038/s41586-021-03939-9 [OPEN ACCESS]

Zhang Z., Zhang H., Cui Z., Tao F., Chen Z., Chang Y., Magliulo V., Wohlfahrt G., Zhao D. (2021) Global consistency in response of terrestrial ecosystem respiration to temperature. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 308-309, 108576, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2021.108576.

Kwon T., … Kitz F., … Wohlfahrt G., et al. (2021) Effects of Climate and Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition on Early to Mid-Term Stage Litter Decomposition Across Biomes. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 4, 678480, doi: 10.3389/ffgc.2021.678480. [OPEN ACCESS]

Doro L., Wang X., Ammann C., De Antoni Migliorati M., Grünwald T., Klumpp K., Loubet B., Pattey E., Wohlfahrt G., Williams J.R., Norfleet M.L. (2021) Improving the simulation of soil temperature within the EPIC model. Environmental Modelling and Software 144, 105140, doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2021.105140.

Scholz K., Ejarque E., Hammerle A., Kainz M., Schelker J., Wohlfahrt G. (2021) Atmospheric CO2 exchange of a small mountain lake: limitations of eddy covariance and boundary layer modeling methods in complex terrain. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 126, e2021JG006286, doi: 10.1029/2021JG006286 [OPEN ACCESS]

Delwiche K.B., …, Wohlfahrt G., … et al. (2021) FLUXNET-CH4: A global, multi-ecosystem dataset and analysis of methane seasonality from freshwater wetlands. Earth System Science Data 13, 3607-3689, doi: 10.5194/essd-2020-307 [OPEN ACCESS]

Ejarque E., Scholz K., Wohlfahrt G., Battin T.J., Kainz M.J., Schelker J. (2021) Hydrological controls on the carbon mass balance of a mountain lake of the Eastern European Alps. Limnology & Oceanography 66, 2110-2125, doi: 10.1002/lno.11712. [OPEN ACCESS]

Harper A.B., Williams K.E., McGuire P.C., Duran Rojas M.C., Hemming D., Verhoef A., Huntingford C., Rowland L., Marthews T., Breder Eller C., Mathison C., Nobrega R.L.B., Gedney N., Vidale P.L., Otu-Larbi F., Pandey D., Garrigues S., Wright A., Slevin D., De Kauwe M.G., Blyth E., Ärdo J., Black A., Bonal D., Buchmann N., Burban B., Fuchs K., de Grandcourt A., Mammarella I., Merbold L., Montagnani L., Nouvellon Y., Restrepo-Coupe N., Wohlfahrt G. (2021) Improvement of modelling plant responses to low soil moisture in JULESvn4.9 and evaluation against flux tower measurements. Geoscientific Model Development 14, 3269-3294, doi: 10.5194/gmd-14-3269-2021. [OPEN ACCESS]

Wohlfahrt G., Tomelleri E. & Hammerle A. (2021) The albedo-climate penalty of hydropower reservoirs. Nature Energy 6, 372-377, doi: 10.1038/s41560-021-00784-y.  

Johnston A.S.A., Meade A., Ardö J., Arriga N., Black T., Blanken P., Bonal D., Brümmer C., Cescatti A., Dušek J., Graf A., Gioli B., Goded I., Gough C., Ikawa H., Jassal R., Kobayashi H., Magliulo V., Manca G., Montagnani L., Moyano F., Olesen J., Sachs T., Shao C., Tagesson T., Wohlfahrt G., Wolf S., Woodgate W., Varlagin A., Venditti C. (2021) Temperature thresholds of ecosystem respiration at a global scale. Nature Ecology & Evolution 5, 487-494, doi: 10.1038/s41559-021-01398-z.

Peron A., Kaser L., Fitzky A.C., Graus M., Halbwirth H., Greiner J., Wohlfahrt G., Rewald B., Sanden H., Karl T., (2021) Combined effects of ozone and drought stress on the emission of biogenic volatile organic compounds from Quercus robur L. Biogeosciences 18, 535-556, doi: 10.5194/bg-18-535-2021. [OPEN ACCESS]


Nelson J., Perez-Priego O., Zhou S., Poyatos R., Zhang Y., Blanken P. D., Gimeno T. E., Wohlfahrt G., Desai A., Gioli B., Limousin J.-M., Bonal D., Paul-Limoges E., Scott R., Varlagin A., Fuchs K., Montagnani L., Wolf S., Delpierre N., Berveiller D., Gharun M., Belelli Marchesini L., Gianelle D., Šigut L., Mammarella I., Siebicke L., Black T. A., Knohl A., Hörtnagl L., Magliulo V., Besnard S., Carvalhais N., Migliavacca M., Reichstein M., Jung M. (2020) Ecosystem transpiration and evaporation: insights from three water flux partitioning methods across FLUXNET sites. Global Change Biology 26, 6916-6930, doi: 10.1111/gcb.15314. [OPEN ACCESS]

Zhang Y., Bastos A., Maignan F., Goll D., Boucher O., Li L., Cescatti A., Vuichard N., Chen X., Ammann C., Arain M.A., Black T., Chojnicki B., Kato T., Mammarella I., Montagnani L., Roupsard O., Sanz M.J., Siebicke L., Urbaniak M., Vaccari F., Wohlfahrt G., Woodgate W., Ciais P. (2020) Modeling the impacts of diffuse light fraction on photosynthesis in ORCHIDEE (v5453) land surface model. Geoscientific Model Development 13, 5401-5423, doi: 10.5194/gmd-2020-96. [OPEN ACCESS]

Spielmann F.M., Hammerle A., Kitz F., Gerdel K., Wohlfahrt G. (2020) Seasonal dynamics of the COS and CO2 exchange of a managed temperate grassland. Biogeosciences 17, 4281-4295, doi: 10.5194/bg-17-4281-2020. [OPEN ACCESS]

Imran H.A., Gianelle D., Rocchini D., Dalponte M., Martin M.P., Sakowska K., Wohlfahrt G., Vescovo L. (2020) VIS-NIR, Red-Edge and NIR-Shoulder Based Normalized Vegetation Indices Response to Co-Varying Leaf and Canopy Structural Traits in Heterogeneous Grasslands. Remote Sensing 12, 2254, doi: 10.3390/rs12142254. [OPEN ACCESS]

Pastorello G., …, Hammerle A., …, Wohlfahrt G., … et al. (2020) The FLUXNET2015 dataset and the ONEFlux processing pipeline for eddy covariance data. Scientific Data, 7, 225, doi: 10.1038/s41597-020-0534-3. [OPEN ACCESS]

Pinto F., Celesti M., Acebron K., Alberti G., Cogliati S., Colombo R., Juszczak R., Matsubara S., Miglietta F., Palombo A., Panigada C., Pignatti S., Rossini M., Sakowska K., Schickling A., Schuttemeyer D., StroZecki M., Tudoroiu M., Rascher, U. (2020) Dynamics of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and reflectance to detect stress-induced variations in canopy photosynthesis. Plant, Cell and Environment 43, 1637-1654, doi: 10.1111/pce.13754. [OPEN ACCESS]

Serafin S., Rotach M.W., Arpagaus M., Colfescu I., Cuxart J., De Wekker S.F.J., Evans M., Grubisic V., Kalthoff N., Karl T., Kirshbaum D.J., Lehner M., Mobbs S., Paci A., Palazzi E., Raudzens Bailey A., Schmidli J., Wohlfahrt G., Zardi D. (2020) Multi-scale transport and exchange processes in the atmosphere over mountains. Programme and experiment. Innsbruck University Press, Innsbruck, doi: 10.15203/99106-003-1. [OPEN ACCESS]

Oberhuber W., Sehrt M., Kitz F. (2020) Hygroscopic properties of thin dead outer bark layers strongly influence stem diameter variations on short and long time scales in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 290, 108026, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108026. [OPEN ACCESS]

Kitz F., Spielmann F.M., Hammerle A., Kolle O., Migliavacca M., Moreno G., Ibrom A., Krasnov D., Noe S.M., Wohlfahrt G. (2020) Soil COS exchange: a comparison of three European ecosystems. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 34, e2019GB006202, doi: 10.1029/2019GB006202[OPEN ACCESS]

Eller C., Rowland L., Mencuccini M., Rosas T., Medlyn B., Williams K., Harper A., Wagner Y., Klein T., Teodoro G., Oliveira R., Wohlfahrt G., Montagnani L., Sitch S., Cox P. (2020) Stomatal optimisation based on xylem hydraulics (SOX) improves land surface model simulation of vegetation responses to climate. New Phytologist 226, 1622-1637, doi: 10.1111/nph.16419. [OPEN ACCESS]

Karl T., Gohm A., Rotach M., Ward H., Graus M., Cede A., Wohlfahrt G., Hammerle A., Haid M., Tiefengraber M., Lamprecht C., Vergeiner J., Kreuter A., Wagner J., Staudinger M. (2020) Studying Urban Climate and Air quality in the Alps – The Innsbruck Atmospheric Observatory. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi: 10.1175/bams-d-19-0270.1. [OPEN ACCESS]

Haynes K.D., Baker I.T., Denning A.S., Wolf S., Wohlfahrt G., Kiely G., Minaya R.C., Haynes J.M. (2020) Representing grasslands using dynamic prognostic phenology based on biological growth stages: Part 2. Carbon cycling. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, 4440-4465, doi: 10.1029/2018MS001541. [OPEN ACCESS]


Knox S.H., Jackson R.B., Poulter B., McNicol G., Fluet-Chouinard E., Zhang Z., Hugelius G., Bousquet P., Canadell J.G., Saunois M., Papale D., Chu H., Keenan T.F., Baldocchi D., Torn M., Mammarella I., Trotta C., Aurela M., Bohrer G., Campbell D., Cescatti A., Chamberlain S., Chen J., Dengel S., Desai A.R., Euskirchen E., Friborg T., Goded I., Goeckede M., Heimann M., Helbig M., Hirano T., Hollinger D., Iwata H., Kang M., Klatt J., Krauss K.W., Kutzbach L., Lohila A., Magliulo V., Mitra B., Morin T.H., Nilsson M.B., Niu S., Noormets A., Oechel W.C., Peichl M., Peltola O., Reba M.L., Richardson A.D., Runkle B.R.K., Ryu Y., Sachs T., Schäfer K.V.R, Schmid H.-P., Shurpali N., Sonnentag O., Tang A.C.I., Ueyama M., Vargas R., Vesala T., Ward E.J., Windham-Myers L., Wohlfahrt G., Zona D. (2019) FLUXNET-CH4 Synthesis Activity: Objectives, Observations, and Future Directions. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 100, 2607-2632, doi: 10.1175/bams-d-18-0268.1. [OPEN ACCESS]

Wohlfahrt G., Tomelleri E., Hammerle A. (2019) The urban imprint on plant phenology. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3, 1668-1674, doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-1017-9.

Shang Z., Zhou F., Smith P., Saikawa E., Ciais P., Chang J., Tian H., Del Grosso S. J., Ito A., Chen M., Wang Q., Bo Y., Cui X., Castaldi S., Juszczak R., Kasimir Å., Magliulo V., Medinets S., Medinets V., Rees B., Wohlfahrt G., Sabbatini S. (2019) Weakened growth of cropland-N2O emissions in China associated with nationwide policy interventions. Global Change Biology 25, 3706-3719, doi: 10.1111/gcb.14741.

Stoy P., El-Madany T., Fisher J., Gentine P., Gerken T., Good S., Liu S., Miralles D., Perez-Priego O., Skaggs T., Wohlfahrt G., Anderson R., Jung M., Maes W., Mammarella I., Mauder M., Migliavacca M., Nelson J., Poyatos R., Reichstein M., Scott R., Wolf S. (2019) Reviews and syntheses: Turning the challenges of partitioning ecosystem evaporation and transpiration into opportunities. Biogeosciences 16, 3747-3775, doi: 10.5194/bg-16-3747-2019. [OPEN ACCESS]

Peaucelle M., Bacour C., Ciais P., Vuichard N., Kuppel S., Penuelas J., Belelli Marchesini L., Blanken P.D., Buchmann N., Chen J., Delpierre N., Desai A.R., Dufrêne E., Gianelle D., Gimeno-Colera C., Gruening C., Helfter C., Hörtnagl L., Ibrom A., Joffre R., Kato T., Kolb T., Law B., Lindroth A., Mammarella I., Merbold L., Minerbi S., Montagnani L., Šigut L., Sutton M., Varlagin A., Vesala T., Wohlfahrt G., Wolf S., Yakir D., Viovy N., Lenoir J.  (2019) Covariations between plant functional traits emerge from constraining parameterization of a terrestrial biosphere model. Global Ecology and Biogeography 28, 1351-1365, doi: 10.1111/geb.12937. [OPEN ACCESS]

Bandopadhyay S., Rastogi A., Rascher U., Rademske P., Schickling A., Cogliati S., Julitta T., Mac Arthur A., Hueni A., Tomelleri E., Celesti M., Burkart A., Stróżecki M., Sakowska K., Gąbka M., Rosadziński S., Sojka M., Iordache M.-D., Reusen I., Van Der Tol C., Damm A., Schuettemeyer D., Juszczak R. (2019) Hyplant-Derived Sun-Induced Fluorescence—A New Opportunity to Disentangle Complex Vegetation Signals from Diverse Vegetation Types. Remote Sensing 11, 1691, doi: 10.3390/rs11141691. [OPEN ACCESS]

Spielmann F.M., Wohlfahrt G., Hammerle A., Kitz F., Migliavacca M., Alberti G., Ibrom A., El-Madany T.S., Gerdel K., Moreno G., Kolle O., Karl T., Peressoti A., Delle Vedove G., (2019) Gross primary productivity of four European ecosystems constrained by joint CO2 and COS flux measurements. Geophysical Research Letters 46, 5284-5293, doi: 10.1029/2019GL082006. [OPEN ACCESS]

Kitz F., Gomez-Brandon M., Eder B., Etemadi M., Spielmann F.M., Hammerle A., Insam H., Wohlfahrt G. (2019) Soil carbonyl sulfide exchange in relation to microbial community composition: Insights from a managed grassland soil amendment experiment. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 135, 28-37, doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2019.04.005. [OPEN ACCESS]

Pacheco-Labrador J., Hueni A., Mihai L., Sakowska K., Julitta T., Kuusk J., Sporea D., Alonso L., Burkart A., Pilar Cendrero-Mateo M., Aasen H., Goulas Y., Mac Arthur A. (2019) Sun-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence I: Instrumental Considerations for Proximal Spectroradiometers. Remote Sensing 11, 960, doi: 10.3390/rs11080960. [OPEN ACCESS]

Sakowska K., MacArthur A., Gianelle D., Dalponte M., Alberti G., Gioli B., Miglietta F., Pitacco A., Meggio F., Fava F., Julitta T., Rossini M., Rocchini D., Vescovo L. (2019) Assessing Across-Scale Optical Diversity and Productivity Relationships in Grasslands of the Italian Alps. Remote Sensing 11, 614, doi: 10.3390/rs11060614. [OPEN ACCESS]


Juszczak​ R., Uździcka B., Stróżecki M., Sakowska K. (2018) Improving remote estimation of winter crops gross ecosystem production by inclusion of leaf area index in a spectral model. PeerJ, 6: e5613, doi: 10.7717/peerj.5613. [OPEN ACCESS]

Acton W.J.F., Jud W., Ghirardo A., Wohlfahrt G., Hewitt C.N., Taylor J.E., Hansel A. (2018) The effect of ozone fumigation on the biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) emitted from Brassica napus above- and below-ground. PLOS One, 13(12): e0208825, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0208825. [OPEN ACCESS]

Gielen B., Acosta M., Altimir N., Buchmann N., Cescatti A., Ceschia E., Fleck S., Hörtnagl L., Klumpp K., Kolari P., Lohila A., Loustau D., Marañon-Jimenez S., Manise T., Matteucci G., Merbold L., Metzger C., Moureaux C., Montagnani L., Nilsson M., Osborne B., Papale D., Pavelka M., Saunders M., Simioni G., Soudani K., Sonnentag O., Tallec T., Tuittila E., Peichl M., Pokorny R., Vincke C., Wohlfahrt G. (2018) Ancillary vegetation measurements at ICOS ecosystem stations. International Agrophysics 32, 645-664, doi: 10.1515/intag-2017-0048.

Rebmann C., Aubinet M., Schmid H., Arriga N., Aurela M., Burba G., Clement R., De Ligne A., Fratini G., Gielen B., Grace J., Graf A., Gross P., Haapanala S., Herbst M., Hörtnagl L., Ibrom A., Joly L., Kljun N., Kolle O., Kowalski A., Lindroth A., Loustau D., Mammarella I., Mauder M., Merbold L., Metzger S., Mölder M., Montagnani L., Papale D., Pavelka M., Peichl M., Roland M., Serrano-Ortiz P., Siebicke L., Steinbrecher R., Tuovinen J., Vesala T., Wohlfahrt G., Franz D. (2018) ICOS eddy covariance flux-station site setup: a review. International Agrophysics 32, 471-494, doi: 10.1515/intag-2017-0044.

Franz D., Acosta M., Altimir N., Arriga N., Arrouays D., Aubinet M., Aurela M., Ayres E., López-Ballesteros A., Barbaste M., Berveiller D., Biraud S., Boukir H., Brown T., Brümmer C., Buchmann N., Burba G., Carrara A., Cescatti A., Ceschia E., Clement R., Cremonese E., Crill P., Darenova E., Dengel S., D’Odorico P., Gianluca F., Fleck S., Fratini G., Fuß R., Gielen B., Gogo S., Grace J., Graf A., Grelle A., Gross P., Grünwald T., Haapanala S., Hehn M., Heinesch B., Heiskanen J., Herbst M., Herschlein C., Hörtnagl L., Hufkens K., Ibrom A., Jolivet C., Joly L., Jones M., Kiese R., Klemedtsson L., Kljun N., Klumpp K., Kolari P., Kolle O., Kowalski A., Kutsch W., Laurila T., De Ligne A., Linder S., Lindroth A., Lohila A., Longdoz B., Mammarella I., Manise T., Marañon-Jimenez S., Matteucci G., Mauder M., Meier P., Merbold L., Mereu S., Metzger S., Migliavacca M., Mölder M., Montagnani L., Moureaux C., Nelson D., Nemitz E., Nicolini G., Nilsson M., Op de Beeck M., Osborne B., Ottosson Löfvenius M., Pavelka M., Peichl M., Peltola O., Pihlatie M., Pitacco A., Pokorny R., Pumpanen J., Ratié C., Schrumpf M., Sedlák P., Serrano Ortiz P., Siebicke L., Šigut L., Silvennoinen H., Simioni G., Skiba U., Sonnentag O., Soudani K., Soulé P., Steinbrecher R., Tallec T., Thimonier A., Tuittila E., Tuovinen J., Vestin P., Vincent G., Vincke C., Vitale D., Waldner P., Weslien P., Wingate L., Wohlfahrt G., Zahniser M., Vesala T. (2018) Towards long-term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe´s terrestrial ecosystems: a review.International Agrophysics 32, 439-455, doi: 10.1515/intag-2017-0039.

Wohlfahrt G., Gerdel K., Migliavacca M., Rotenberg E., Tatarinov F., Müller J., Hammerle A., Julitta T., Spielmann F.M.,  Yakir D. (2018) Sun-induced fluorescence and gross primary productivity during a heat wave. Scientific Reports 8, 14169, doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-32602-z. [OPEN ACCESS]

Widmoser P., Wohlfahrt G. (2018) Attributing the energy imbalance by concurrent lysimeter and eddy covariance evapotranspiration measurements. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 263, 287-291, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.09.003.

Zhao P., Hammerle A., Zeeman M., Wohlfahrt G. (2018) On the calculation of daytime CO2 fluxes measured by automated closed transparent chambers. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 263, 267-275, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.08.022. [OPEN ACCESS]

El-Madany T., Reichstein M., Perez-Priego O., Cararra A., Moreno G., Martín P.M., Pacheco-Labrador J., Wohlfahrt G., Nieto H., Weber U., Kolle O., Luo Y., Carvalhais N., Migliavacca M. (2018) Drivers of spatio-temporal variability of carbon dioxide and energy fluxes in a Mediterranean savanna ecosystem. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 262, 258-278, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.07.010.

Zhang Z., Zhang R., Zhou Y., Cescatti A., Wohlfahrt G., Sun M., Zhang H., Qi J., Zhu J., Magliulo V., Tao F., Chen G., (2018) A temperature threshold to identify the driving climate forces of the respiratory process in terrestrial ecosystems. European Journal of Soil Biology 89, 1-8, doi: 10.1016/j.ejsobi.2018.08.001.

Scholz K., Hammerle A., Hiltbrunner E., Wohlfahrt G. (2018) Analyzing the effects of growing season length on the net ecosystem production of an alpine grassland using model-data fusion. Ecosystems 21, 982-999, doi: 10.1007/s10021-017-0201-5. [OPEN ACCESS]

Whelan M.E., Lennartz S.T., Gimeno T.E., Wehr R., Wohlfahrt G., Wang Y., Kooijmans L.M.J., Hilton T.W., Belviso S., Peylin P., Commane R., Sun W., Chen H., Kuai L., Mammarella I., Maseyk K., Berkelhammer M., Li K.-F., Yakir D., Zumkehr A., Katayama Y., Ogée J., Spielmann F.M., Kitz F., Rastogi B., Kesselmeier J., Marshall J., Erkkilä K.-M., Wingate L., Meredith L.K., He W., Bunk R., Launois T., Vesala T., Schmidt J.A., Fichot C.G., Seibt U., Saleska S., Saltzman E.S., Montzka S.A., Berry J.A., Campbell J.E. (2018) Reviews and syntheses: Carbonyl sulfide as a multi-scale tracer for carbon and water cycles. Biogeosciences 15, 3625-3657, doi: 10.5194/bg-15-3625-2018[OPEN ACCESS]

Zhao, P.; Li, Y.. 2018. Learning R: R language for Rookies. Research Publishing Press. ISBN 9787519902940. pp. 343.

Sakowska K., Alberti G., Genesio L., Peressotti A., Delle Vedove G., Gianelle D., Colombo R., Rodeghiero M., Panigada C., Juszczak R., Celesti M., Rossini M., Haworth M., Campbell B. W., Mevy J.-P., Vescovo L., Cendrero-Mateo M. P., Rascher U., Miglietta F. (2018) Leaf and canopy photosynthesis of a chlorophyll deficient soybean mutant. Plant, Cell & Environment 41, 1427-1437, doi: 10.1111/pce.13180.

Pighini S., Ventura M., Miglietta F., Wohlfahrt G. (2018) Dissolved greenhouse gas concentrations in 40 lakes in the Alpine area. Aquatic Sciences 80, 32, doi: 10.1007/s00027-018-0583-2. [OPEN ACCESS]

Zhang Y., Xiao X., Wolf S., Wu J., Wu X., Gioli B., Wohlfahrt G., Cescatti A., van der Tol C., Zhou S., Gough C.M., Gentine P., Zhang Y., Steinbrecher R., Ardö J. (2018) Spatio-temporal Convergence of Maximum Daily Light-Use Efficiency Based on Radiation Absorption by Canopy Chlorophyll. Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1029/2017gl076354.

Hörtnagl L., Barthel M., Buchmann N., Eugster W., Butterbach-Bahl K., Diaz-Pines E., Zeeman M., Klumpp K., Kiese R., Bahn M., Hammerle A., Lu H., Ladreiter-Knauss T., Burri S., Merbold L. (2018) Greenhouse gas fluxes over managed grasslands in central Europe. Global Change Biology 24, 1843-1872, doi: 10.1111/gcb.14079.

Castelli M., Anderson M., Yun Y., Wohlfahrt G., Bertoldi G., Niedrist G., Hammerle A., Zhao P., Zebisch M., Notarnicola C. (2018) Two-source energy balance modeling of evapotranspiration in Alpine grasslands. Remote Sensing of Environment 209, 327-342, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2018.02.062.

von Buttlar J., Zscheichler J., Rammig A., Sippel S., Reichstein M., Knohl A., Jung M., Menzer O., Arain M. A., Buchmann N., Cescatti A., Gianelle D., Kieley G., Law B.E., Magliulo E., Margolis H., McCaughey H., Merbold L., Migliavacca M., Montagnani L., Oechel W., Pavelka M., Peichl M., Rambal S., Raschi A., Scott R., Vaccari F. P., van Gorsel E., Varlagin A., Wohlfahrt G., Mahecha M. (2018) Impacts of droughts and extreme temperature events on gross primary production and ecosystem respiration: a systematic assessment across ecosystems and climate zones. Biogeosciences 15, 1293-1318, doi: 10.5194/bg-15-1293-2018. [OPEN ACCESS]

Carotenuto F., Gualtieri G., Miglietta F., Riccio A., Toscano P., Wohlfahrt G., Gioli B. (2018) Industrial point source CO2 emission strength estimation with aircraft measurements and dispersion modelling. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 190, 165, doi: 10.1007/s10661-018-6531-8. [OPEN ACCESS]

Stoy P., Peitzsch E., Wood D., Rottinghaus D., Wohlfahrt G., Goulden M., Ward H. (2018) On the exchange of sensible and latent heat between the atmosphere and melting snow. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 252, 167-174, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.01.028.

Djukic I., Kepfer-Rojas S., Kappel Schmidt I., Steenberg Larsen K., Beier C., Berg B., Verheyen K., … Kitz F., … Wohlfahrt G., … (2018) Early stage litter decomposition across biomes. Science of the Total Environment 628-629, 1369-1394, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.012.

Karl T., Striednig M., Graus M., Hammerle A., Wohlfahrt G. (2018) Urban flux measurements reveal a large pool of oxygenated volatile organic compound emissions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115, 1186–1191, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1714715115[OPEN ACCESS]

Barba J., Cueva A., Bahn M., Barron-Gafford G.A., Bond-Lamberty B., Hanson P.J., Jaimes A., Kulmala L., Pumpanen J., Scott R.L., Wohlfahrt G., Vargas R. (2018) Comparing ecosystem and soil respiration: Review and key challenges of tower-based and soil measurements. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 249, 434-443, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.10.028.

Zhang, Y., Xiao X., Zhang Y., Wolf S., Zhou S., Joiner J., Guanter L., Verma M., Sun Y., Yang X., Paul-Limoges E., Gough C.M., Wohlfahrt G. (2018) On the relationship between sub-daily instantaneous and daily total gross primary production: Implications for interpreting satellite-based SIF retrievals. Remote Sensing of Environment 205, 276-289, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2017.12.009


Carotenuto F., Georgiadis T., Gioli B., Leyronas C., Morris C.E., Nardino M., Wohlfahrt G., Miglietta F. (2017) Measurements and modeling of surface–atmosphere exchange of microorganisms in Mediterranean grassland. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17, 14919-14936, doi: 10.5194/acp-2017-527. [OPEN ACCESS]

Li M., Xu J., Algarra Alarcon A., Carlin S., Barbaro E., Cappellin L., Velikova V., Vrhovsek U., Loreto F.,Varotto C. (2017) In Planta Recapitulation of Isoprene Synthase Evolution from Ocimene Synthases. Molecular Biology and Evolution 34, 2583–2599, doi: 10.1093/molbev/msx178. [OPEN ACCESS]

Gerdel K., Spielmann F.M., Hammerle A., Wohlfahrt G. (2017) Eddy covariance carbonyl sulfide flux measurements with a quantum cascade laser absorption spectrometer. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 10, 3525-3537, doi: 10.5194/amt-10-3525-2017. [OPEN ACCESS]

Yao Y., Liang S., Li X., Zhang Y., Chen J., Jia K., Zhang X., Fisher J.B., Wang X., Zhang L., Xu J., Shao C., Posse G., Li Y., Magliulo V., Varlagin A., Moors E.J., Boike J., Macfarlane C., Kato T., Buchmann N., Billesbach D.P., Beringer J., Wolf S., Papuga S.A., Wohlfahrt G., Montagnani L., Ardö J. Paul-Limoges E., Emmel C., Hörtnagl L.J., Sachs T., Gruening C., Gioli B., López-Ballesteros A., Steinbrecher R., Gielen B. (2017) Estimation of high-resolution terrestrial evapotranspiration from Landsat data using a simple Taylor skill fusion method. Journal of Hydrology 553, 508-526, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.08.013.

Bamberger I., Ruehr N.K., Schmitt M., Gast A., Wohlfahrt G., Arneth A. (2017) Isoprene emission and photosynthesis during heat waves and drought in black locust. Biogeosciences 14, 3649-3667, doi: 10.5194/bg-14-3649-2017. [OPEN ACCESS]

Zhao P., Lüers J. (2017) Parameterization of Evapotranspiration Estimation for Two Typical East Asian Crops. Atmosphere 8, 111, doi: 10.3390/atmos8060111. [OPEN ACCESS]

Zhang Z., Zhang R., Cescatti A., Wohlfahrt G., Buchmann N., Zhu J., Chen G., Moyano F., Pumpanen J., Hirano T., Takagi K., Merbold L. (2017) Effect of climate warming on the annual terrestrial net ecosystem CO2 exchange globally in the boreal and temperate regions. Scientific Reports 7, 3108, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-03386-5. [OPEN ACCESS]

Wohlfahrt G. (2017) Bi-directional COS exchange in bryophytes challenges its use as a tracer for gross primary productivity. New Phytologist 215, 923-925, doi: 10.1111/nph.14658. [OPEN ACCESS]

Campbell J. L., Kesselmeier J., Yakir D., Berry J. A., Peylin P., Belviso S., Vesala T., Maseyk K., Seibt U., Chen H., Whelan M. E., Hilton T. W., Montzka S. A., Berkelhammer M. B., Lennartz S. T., Kuai E., Wohlfahrt G., Wang Y., Blake N. J., Blake D. R. (2017) Carbon, climate and carbonyl sulfide. EOS, 98, doi: 10.1029/2017EO075313. [OPEN ACCESS]

Karl T., Graus M., Striednig M., Lamprecht C., Hammerle A., Wohlfahrt G., Held A., von der Heyden L., Deventer M.J., Krismer A., Haun C., Feichter R., Lee J. (2017) Urban eddy covariance measurements reveal significant missing NOx emissions in Central Europe. Scientific Reports 2536, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-02699-9. [OPEN ACCESS]

Fu Z., Stoy P., Luo Y., Chen J., Montagnani L., Wohlfahrt G., Rahman A.F., Rambal S., Bernhofer C., Wang J., Shirkey G., Niu S. (2017) Climate controls over the net carbon uptake period and amplitude of net ecosystem production in temperate and boreal ecosystems. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 243, 9-18, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.05.009.

Ahrar M., Doneva D., Tattini M., Brunetti C., Rodeghiero M., Wohlfahrt G., Biasioli F., Varotto C., Loreto F., Velikova V. (2017) Phenotypic differences determine the response of Arundo donax ecotypes to drought. Journal of Experimental Botany 68, 2439-2451, doi: 10.1093/jxb/erx125.

Doneva D., Ahrar M., Tsonev T., Loreto F., Varotto C., Velikova V. (2017) The role of isoprene in two Arundineae species exposed to progressive drought. Comptes rendus de l’Académie bulgare des Sciences 70(2), 203-212.

Cappellin L., Algarra Alarcon A., Herdlinger-Blatt I., Biasioli F., Martin S., Loreto F., McKinney K. (2017) Field observations of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) exchange in red oaks. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17, 4189-4207, doi: 10.5194/acp-2016-901. [OPEN ACCESS]

Hammerle A., Meier F., Heinl M., Egger A., Leitinger G. (2017) Implications of atmospheric conditions for analysis of surface temperature variability derived from landscape-scale thermography. International Journal of Biometeorology 61, 575-588, doi: 10.1007/s00484-016-1234-8. [OPEN ACCESS]

Galvagno M., Wohlfahrt G., Cremonese E., Filippa G., Migliavacca M., Morra di Cella U., van Gorsel E. (2017) Contribution of advection to nighttime ecosystem respiration at a mountain grassland in complex terrain. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 237-238, 270-281, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.02.018.

Wohlfahrt G., Galvagno M. (2017) Revisiting the choice of the driving temperature for eddy covariance CO2 flux partitioning. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 237-238, 135-142, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.02.012. [OPEN ACCESS]

Kitz F., Gerdel K., Hammerle A., Laterza T., Spielmann F., Wohlfahrt G. (2017) In situ soil COS exchange of a temperate mountain grassland under simulated drought. Oecologia 183, 851-860, doi: 10.1007/s00442-016-3805-0. [OPEN ACCESS]


Talie M., Migliavacca M., van de Weg M., Kattge J., Wohlfahrt G., van Bodegom P., Reichstein M., Bahn M., Carrara A., Domingues T., Gavazzi M., Gianelle D., Gimeno C., Granier A., Gruening C., Havránková K., Herbst M., Hrynkiw C., Kalhori A., Kaminski T., Klumpp K., Kolari P., Longdoz B., Minerbi S., Montagnani L., Moors E., Oechel W., Reich P.B., Roahtyn S., Rossi A., Rotenberg E., Varlagin A., Wilkinson M., Wirth C., Mahecha M. (2016) Potential and limitations of inferring ecosystem photosynthetic capacity from leaf functional traits. Ecology and Evolution 6, 7352-7366, doi: 10.1002/ece3.2479. [OPEN ACCESS]

Verma M., Fisher J.B., Mallick K., Ryu Y., Kobayashi H., Guillaume A., Moore G., Ramakrishnan L., Hendrix V., Wolf S., Sikka M., Kiely G., Wohlfahrt G., Gielen B., Roupsard O., Toscano P., Arain M.A., Cescatti A. (2016) Global Surface net-radiation at 5 km from MODIS Terra. Remote Sensing 8(9), 739, doi: 10.3390/rs8090739. [OPEN ACCESS]

Spielmann F.M., Langebner S., Ghirardo A., Hansel A., Schnitzler J.-P., Wohlfahrt G. (2016) Isoprene and α-pinene deposition to grassland mesocosms. Plant and Soil 410, 313-322, doi: 10.1007/s11104-016-3009-8[OPEN ACCESS]

Velikova V., Brunetti C., Tattini M., Doneva D., Ahrar M., Tsonev T., Stefanova M., Ganeva T., Gori A., Ferrini F., Varotto C., Loreto F. (2016) Physiological significance of isoprenoids and phenylpropanoids in drought response of Arundinoideae species with contrasting habitats and metabolism. Plant, Cell and Environment 39, 2185-2197, doi: 10.1111/pce.12785.

Lee C. B., Kim J.-C., Belorid M., Zhao P. (2016) Performance Evaluation of Four Different Land Surface Models in WRF. Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment 10(1), 42-50, doi: 10.5572/ajae.2016.10.1.042.

Zhao P., Lüers J. (2016) Improved data gap-filling schemes for estimation of net ecosystem exchange in typical East-Asian croplands. Science China Earth Sciences, 2016, 1-13. doi: 10.1007/s11430-015-0192-1. [OPEN ACCESS]

Wohlfahrt G., Hammerle A., Niedrist G., Scholz K., Tomelleri E., Zhao P. (2016) On the energy balance closure and net radiation in complex terrain. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 226-227, 37-49, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.05.012. [OPEN ACCESS]

Huang S., Wang Y., Xie Y., Zhao P., Lüers J. (2016) OutlierFlag: A Tool for Scientific Data Quality Control by Outlier Data Flagging. Journal of Open Research Software 4, e20, doi: 10.5334/jors.90. [OPEN ACCESS]

Yao, Y., Liang S., Li X., Liu S., Chen J., Zhang X., Jia K., Jiang B., Xie X., Munier S., Liu M., Yu J., Lindroth A., Varlagin A., Raschi A., Noormets A., Pio C., Wohlfahrt G., Sun G., Domec J.-C., Montagnani L., Lund M., Moors E., Blanken P.D., Grünwald T., Wolf S., Magliulo V. (2016) Assessment and simulation of global terrestrial latent heat flux by synthesis of CMIP5 climate models and surface eddy covariance observations. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 223, 151-167, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.03.016.

Desai A. R., Wohlfahrt G., Zeeman M. J., Katata G., Eugster W., Montagnani L., Gianelle D., Mauder M., Schmid H.-P. (2015) Montane ecosystems respond more to global circulation patterns than climatic trends. Environmental Research Letters 11 (2): 024013, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024013[OPEN ACCESS]

Zhou Y., Wu X., Ju W., Chen J., Wang S., Wang H., Yuan W., Black A., Jassal R., Ibrom A., Han S., Yan J., Margolis H., Roupsard O., Li Y., Zhao F., Kiely G., Starr G., Pavelka M., Montagnani L., Wohlfahrt G., D’Odorico P., Cook D., Arain A., Bonal D., Beringer J., Blanken P., Loubet B., Leclerc M., Matteucci G., Nagy Z., Olejnik J., Paw U K. T., Varlagin A. (2016) Global parameterization and validation of a two-leaf light use efficiency model for predicting gross primary production across FLUXNET sites. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences 121, 1045-1072, doi: 10.1002/2014JG002876[OPEN ACCESS]

Jud W., Fischer L., Canaval E., Wohlfahrt G., Tissier A., Hansel A. (2016) Plant surface reactions: an opportunistic ozone defence mechanism impacting atmospheric chemistry. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, 277-292, doi: 10.5194/acp-16-277-2016. [OPEN ACCESS]


Sakowska K., Gianelle D., Zaldei A., MacArthur A., Carotenuto F., Miglietta F., Zampedri R., Cavagna M., Vescovo L. (2015) WhiteRef: A New Tower-Based Hyperspectral System for Continuous Reflectance Measurements. Sensors 15, 1088-1105, doi: 10.3390/s150101088[OPEN ACCESS]

Leitinger G., Ruggenthaler R., Hammerle A. , Lavorel S., Schirpke U., Clement J.C., Lamarque P., Obojes N., Tappeiner U. (2015) Impact of droughts on water provision in managed alpine grasslands in two climatically different regions of the Alps. Ecohydrology, 8, 1600-1613, doi: 10.1002/eco.1607. [OPEN ACCESS]

F1000_recommendedWohlfahrt G., Gu L. (2015) The many meanings of gross photosynthesis and their implication for photosynthesis research from leaf to globe. Plant, Cell and Environment 38, 2500-2507, doi: 10.1111/pce.12569[OPEN ACCESS]

Oberhuber W., Hammerle A., Kofler W. (2015) Tree water status and growth of saplings and mature Norway spruce (Picea abies) at a dry distribution limit. Frontiers in Plance Science, doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00703.

Berninger F., Susiluoto S., Gianelle D., Bahn M., Wohlfahrt G., Sutton M., Garcia-Pausas J., Gimeno C., Sanz M. J., Dore S., Rogiers N., Furger M., Eugester W., Balzarolo M., Sebastià M. T., Tenhunen J., Staszewski T., Cernusca A. (2015) Management and site effects on carbon balances of European mountain meadows and rangelands. Boreal Environmental Research 20, 748-760, pdf. [OPEN ACCESS]

Papale D., Black T.A., Carvalhais N., Cescatti A., Chen J., Jung M., Kiely G., Lasslop G., Mahecha M.D., Margolis H., Merbold L., Montagnani L., Moors E., Olesen J.E., Reichstein M., Tramontana G., van Gorsel E., Wohlfahrt G., Ráduly B. (2015) Effect of spatial sampling from European flux-towers for estimating carbon and water fluxes with artificial neural networks. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences 120, 1941-1957, doi: 10.1002/2015JG002997.

van Dijk A.I.J.M., Gash J.H., van Gorsel E., Blanken P.D., Cescatti A., Emmel C., Gielen B., Harman I., Kiely G., Merbold L., Montagnani L., Moors E., Roland M., Sottocornola M., Valargin A., Williams C.A., Wohlfahrt G. (2015) Rainfall interception and the coupled surface water and energy balance. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 214-215, 402-415, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.09.006.

Verma M., Friedl M. A., Law B. E., Bonal D., Kiely G., Black T. A., Wohlfahrt G., Moors E. J., Montagnani L., Marcolla B., Toscano, P., Varlagin, A., Roupsard O., Cescatti A., Arain M. A., D’Odorico P. (2015) Improving the performance of remote sensing models for capturing intra- and inter-annual variations in daily GPP: An analysis using global FLUXNET tower data. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 214-215, 416-429, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.09.005.

Wingate L., Ogée J., Cremonese E., Filippa G., Mizunuma T., Migliavacca M., Moisy C., Wilkinson M., Moureaux C., Wohlfahrt G., Hammerle A., Hörtnagl L., Gimeno C., Porcar-Castell A., Galvagno M., Nakaji T., Morison J., Kolle O., Knohl A., Kutsch W., Kolari P., Nikinmaa E., Ibrom A., Gielen B., Eugster W., Balzarolo M., Papale D., Klumpp K., Köstner B., Grünwald T., Joffre R., Ourcival J.-M., Hellstrom M., Lindroth A., George C., Longdoz B., Genty B., Levula J., Heinesch B., Sprintsin M., Yakir D., Manise T., Guyon D., Ahrends H., Plaza-Aguilar A., Guan J. H., Grace J. (2015) Interpreting canopy development and physiology using a European phenology camera network at flux sites. Biogeosciences 12, 5995-6015, doi: 10.5194/bg-12-5995-2015. [OPEN ACCESS]

Ahrar M., Doneva D., Koleva D., Romano A., Rodeghiero M., Tsonev T., Biasoli F., Stefanova M., Peeva V., Wohlfahrt G., Loreto F., Varotto C., Velikova V. (2015) Isoprene emission in the monocot Arundineae tribe in relation to functional and structural organization of the photosynthetic apparatus. Environmental and Experimental Botany 119, 87-95, doi: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2015.04.010.

Wohlfahrt G., Amelynck C., Ammann C., Arneth A., Bamberger I., Goldstein A. H., Gu L., Guenther A., Hansel A., Heinesch B., Holst T., Hörtnagl L., Karl T., Laffineur Q., Neftel A., McKinney K., Munger J. W., Pallardy S. G., Schade G. W., Seco R., Schoon N. (2015) An ecosystem-scale perspective of the net land methanol flux: synthesis of micrometeorological flux measurements. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15, 7413-7427, doi: 10.5194/acp-15-7413-2015[OPEN ACCESS]

Ruggenthaler R., Schöberl F., Markart G., Klebinder K., Hammerle A., Leitinger G. (2015) Quantification of Soil Moisture Effects on Runoff Formation at the Hillslope Scale. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 05015001, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0000880.

Algarra Alarcon A., Lazazzara V., Cappellin L., Bianchedi P.L., Schuhmacher R., Wohlfahrt G., Pertot I., Biasioli F., Perazzolli M. (2015) Emission of volatile sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes in grapevine genotypes following Plasmopara viticola inoculation in vitro. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 50, 1013-1022, doi: 10.1002/jms.3615.

Jiang B., Zhang Y., Liang S., Wohlfahrt G., Arain A., Cescatti A., Georgiadis T., Jia K., Kiely G., Lund M., Montagnani L., Magliulo V., Serrano Ortiz P., Oechel W., Vaccari F., Yao Y., Zhang X. (2015) Empirical estimation of daytime net radiation from shortwave radiation and ancillary information. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 211-212, 23-36, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.05.003.

Balzarolo M., Vescovo L., Hammerle A., Gianelle D., Papale D., Tomelleri E., Wohlfahrt G. (2015) On the relationship between ecosystem-scale hyperspectral reflectance and CO2 exchange in European mountain grasslands. Biogeosciences 12, 3089-3108, doi: 10.5194/bg-12-3089-2015.[OPEN ACCESS]

Pasolli L., Asam S., Castelli M., Bruzzone L., Wohlfahrt G., Zebisch M., Notarnicol C. (2015) Retrieval of leaf area index in mountain grasslands in the Alps from MODIS satellite imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment 165, 159-174, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2015.04.027.

Xia J., Niu S., Luo Y., Ciais P., Janssens I., Chen J., Ammann C., Arain a., Blanken P.D., Cescatti A., Bonal D., Buchmann N., Curtis P.S., Chen S., Dong J., Flanagan L.B., Frankenberg C., Georgiadis T., Gough C.M., Hui D., Kiely G., Li J., Lund M., Magliulo V., Marcolla B., Merbold L., Montagnani L., Moors E., Olesen J.E., Piao S., Raschi A., Roupsard O., Suyker A.E., Urbaniak M., Vaccari F., Varlagin A., Vesala T., Wilkinson M., Weng E., Wohlfahrt G., Yan L. (2015) Joint Control of Terrestrial Gross Primary Productivity by Plant Phenology and Physiology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112, 2788-2793, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1413090112.

Wohlfahrt G., Tasser E. (2015) A mobile system for quantifying the spatial variability of the surface energy balance: design and application. International Journal of Biometeorology. doi: 10.1007/s00484-014-0875-8. [OPEN ACCESS]

Heinl, M., Hammerle, A., Tappeiner, U., Leitinger, G. (2015) Determinants of urban-rural land surface temperature differences – a landscape scale perspective. Landscape and Urban Planning 134, 33-42, doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.10.003.

Pierce A., Moore C., Wohlfahrt G., Hörtnagl L., Kljun N., Obrist D. (2015) Eddy covariance flux measurements of gaseous elemental mercury using cavity ring-down spectroscopy. Environmental Science and Technology 49, 1559-1568, doi: 10.1021/es505080z.

Merbold L., Wohlfahrt G., Butterbach-Bahl K., Pilegaard K., DelSontro T., Stoy P., Zona D. (2015) Preface: Towards a full greenhouse gas balance of the biosphere. Biogeosciences 12, 453-456, doi: 10.5194/bg-12-453-2015. [OPEN ACCESS]

Mallick K., Jarvis A., Wohlfahrt G., Kiely G., Hirano T., Miyata A., Yamamoto S., Hoffmann L. (2015) Components of near-surface energy balance derived from satellite soundings – Part 1: Net available energy. Biogeosciences. doi: 10.5194/bgd-11-11825-2014. [OPEN ACCESS]

Scholz K., Eriksson M., Strid I. (2015) Carbon footprint of supermarket waste. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 94, 56-65, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.11.016

Migliavacca M., Reichstein M., Richardson A.D., Mahecha M.D., Cremonese E., Delpierre N., Galvagno M., Law B.E., Wohlfahrt G., Black A.T., Carvalhais N., Ceccherini G., Chen J., Gobron N., Koffi E., Munger W., Robustelli M., Tomelleri E., Cescatti A. (2015) Influence of physiological phenology on the seasonal pattern of ecosystem respiration in deciduous forests. Global Change Biology 21, 363-376. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12671.


Mallick K., Jarvis A., Wohlfahrt G., Kiely G., Hirano T., Miyata A., Yamamoto S., Hoffmann L. (2014) Components of near-surface energy balance derived from satellite soundings – Part 2: Latent heat flux. Biogeosciences 11, 7369-7382. doi: 10.5194/bg-11-7369-2014. [OPEN ACCESS]

Hörtnagl L., Wohlfahrt G. (2014) Methane and nitrous oxide exchange over a managed hay meadow. Biogeosciences 11, 7219-7236. doi: 10.5194/bg-11-7219-2014 [OPEN ACCESS]

Barthel M.,Sturm P., Hammerle A., Buchmann N., Gentsch L., Siegwolf R., Knohl A. (2014) Soil H2 18O labelling reveals the effect of drought on C18OO fluxes to the atmosphere. Journal of Experimental Botany 65, 5783-5793. doi: 10.1093/jxb/eru312.

Yuan W., Cai W., Liu S., dong W., Chen J., Arain A., Blanken P.D., Cescatti A., Wohlfahrt G., Georgiadis T., Genesio L., Gianelle D., Grelle A., Kiely G., Knohl A., Liu D., Marek M., Merbold L., Montagnani L., Panferov O., Peltoniemi M., Rambal S. Raschi A., Varlagin A., Xia J. (2014) Vegetation-specific model parameters are not required for estimating gross primary production. Ecological Modelling 292, 1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.08.017.

Song B., Niu S., Luo R.,Luo Y., Chen J., Yu G., Olejnik J., Wohlfahrt G., Kiely G., Noormets A., Montagnani L., Cescatti A., Magliulo V., Law B.E., Lund M., Varlagin A., Raschi A., Peichl M., Nilsson M.B., Merbold L. (2014) Divergent apparent temperature sensitivity of terrestrial ecosystem respiration. Journal of Plant Ecology 5, 419-428. doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtu014. [OPEN ACCESS]

Walker A.P., Beckerman A.P., Kattge J., Cernusak L.A., Domingues T.F., Scales J.C., Wohlfahrt G., Wulschlleger S., Woodward F.I. (2014) The relationship of leaf photosynthetic traits—VCmax and Jmax—to leaf nitrogen, leaf phosphorus and specific leaf area: A meta-analysis and modelling study. Ecology and Evolution, 4, 3218-3235. journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Parazoo N.C., Bowman K., Fisher J.B., Frankenberg C., Jones D.B.A., Cescatti A., Pérez-Priego O., Wohlfahrt G., Montagnani L. (2014) Terrestrial Gross Primary Production Inferred From Satellite Fluorescence and Vegetation Models. Global Change Biology 20, 3103-3121. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12652.

Gentsch L., Hammerle A., Sturm P., Ogée J., Wingate L., Siegwolf R., Plüss P., Baur T., Buchmann N., Knohl A. (2014) Carbon isotope discrimination during branch photosynthesis of Fagus sylvatica: a Bayesian modelling approach. Plant, Cell & Environment 37, 1516–1535.  download | journal

Hörtnagl L., Bamberger I., Graus M., Ruuskanen T. M., Schnitzhofer R., Walser M., Unterberger A., Hansel A., Wohlfahrt G. (2014) Acetaldehyde exchange above a managed temperate mountain grassland. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, 5369-5391.  download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Yuan W., Cai W., Xia J., Chen J., Liu S., Dong W., Merbold L., Law B., Arain A., Beringer J., Bernhofer C., Black A., Blanken P. D., Cescatti A., Chen Y., Francois L., Gianelle D., Janssens I. A., Jung M., Kato T., Kiely G., Liu D., Marcolla B., Montagnani L., Raschi A., Roupsard O., Varlagin A., Wohlfahrt G. (2014) Global comparison of light use efficiency models for simulating terrestrial vegetation gross primary production based on the LaThuile database. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 192-193,108-120. download | journal

Bamberger I., Hörtnagl L., Walser M., Hansel A., Wohlfahrt G. (2014) Gap-filling Strategies for Annual VOC Flux Data Sets. Biogeosciences 11, 2429-2442. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Gentsch L., Sturm P., Hammerle A., Siegwolf R., Wingate L., Ogée J., Baur T., Plüss P., Barthel M., Buchmann N., Knohl A. (2014) Carbon isotope discrimination during branch photosynthesis of Fagus sylvatica: field measurements using laser spectrometry. Journal of Experimental Botany 65, 1481-1496. journal

Verma M., Friedl M.A., Richardson A.D., Kiely G., Cescatti A., Law B.E., Wohlfahrt G., Gielen B., Roupsard O., Moors E.J., Toscano P., Vaccari F.P., Gianelle D., Bohrer G., Varlagin A., Buchmann N., van Gorsel E., Montagnani L., Propastin P. (2014) Remote sensing of annual GPP using MODIS: an assessment of methods using the FLUXNET La Thuile dataset. Biogeosciences 11, 2185-2200. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Della Chiesa S., Bertoldi G., Niedrist G., Obojes N., Endrizzi S., Albertson J.D.,Wohlfahrt G., Hörtnagl L., Tappeiner U. (2014) Modeling changes in grassland hydrological cycling along an elevational gradient in the Alps. Ecohydrology 7, 1453-1473, 10.1002/eco.1471.

Rotach M.R., Wohlfahrt G., Hansel A., Reif M., Wagner J., Gohm A. (2014) The world is not flat: Implications for the global carbon balance. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95, 2021-1028. journal


Chen J., Chen B., Black T.A., Innes J.L., Wang G., Kiely G., Hirano T., Wohlfahrt G. (2013) Comparison of terrestrial evapotranspiration estimates using the mass-transfer and Penman-Monteith equations in land surface models. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 118, 1715-1731. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Cremonese E., Hammerle A.Hörtnagl L., Galvagno M., Gianelle D., Marcolla B., Morra di Cella U. (2013) Tradeoffs between global warming and day length on the start of the carbon uptake period in seasonally cold ecosystems. Geophysical Research Letters 40 (23), 6136-6142. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Yuan W., Liu S., Cai W., Dong W., Chen J., Arain A., Blanken P., Cescatti A., Wohlfahrt G., Georgiadis T., Genesio L., Gianelle D., Grelle A., Kiely G., Knohl A., Liu D., Marek M., Merbold L., Montagnani L., Panferov O., Peltoniemi M., Rambal S., Raschi A., Varlagin A., Xia J. (2013) Are vegetation-specific model parameters required for estimating gross primary production? Geoscientific Model Development Discussions 6, 5475-5488. OPEN DISCUSSION [OPEN ACCESS]

Galvagno M., Wohlfahrt G., Cremonese E., Rossini M., Colombo R., Filippa G., Julitta T., Manca G., Siniscalco C., Morra di Cella U., Migliavacca M. (2013) Phenology and carbon source/sink strength of a subalpine grassland in response to an exceptionally short snow season. Environmental Research Letters 8, 025008 (10pp). download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Peichl M., Sonnentag O., Wohlfahrt G., Flanagan L.B., Baldocchi D.D., Kiely G., Galvagno M., Gianelle D., Marcolla B., Pio C., Migliavacca M., Jones M.B., Saunders M. (2013) Convergence of potential net ecosystem production across contrasting C3 grasslands. Ecology Letters 16, 502-512. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Widmoser P. (2013) Can an energy balance model provide additional constraints on how to close the energy imbalance? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 169, 85-91. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Reyer C., Leuzinger S., Rammig A., Wolf A., Bartholomeus R.P., Bonfante A., de Lorenzi F., Dury M., Gloning P., Abou J.R., Klein T., Kuster T., Martins M., Niedrist G., Riccardi M., Wohlfahrt G., de Angelis P., de Dato G., Francois L., Menzel A., Pereira M. (2013) A plant’s perspective of extremes: Terrestrial plant responses to changing climatic variability. Global Change Biology 19, 75-89. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]


Lasslop G., Migliavacca M., Bohrer G., Reichstein M., Bahn M. Ibrom A., Jacobs C., Kolari P., Papale D., Vesala T., Wohlfahrt G., Cescatti A. (2012) On the choice of the driving temperature for eddy-covariance carbon dioxide flux partitioning. Biogeosciences 9, 5243-5259. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Williams C.A., Reichstein M., Buchmann N., Baldocchi D., Beer C., Schwalm C., Wohlfahrt G., Hasler N., Bernhofer C., Foken T., Papale D., Schymanski S., Schaefer K. (2012) Climate and vegetation controls on the surface water balance: synthesis of evaportranspiration measured across a global network of flux towers. Water Resources Research 48, W0652. DOI:10.1029/2011WR011586. download | journal

Brilli F., Hörtnagl L., Bamberger I., Schnitzhofer R., Ruuskanen T.M., Hansel A., Loreto F., Wohlfahrt G. (2012) Qualitative and quantitative characterization of volatile organic compound emissions from cut grass. Environmental Science & Technology 46, 3859-3865. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Brilli F., Hörtnagl L., Xu X., Bingemer H., Hansel A., Loreto F. (2012) Carbonyl sulfide (COS) as a tracer for canopy photosynthesis, transpiration and stomatal conductance: potential and limitations. Plant, Cell and Environment 35, 657-667. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Wohlfahrt G., Klumpp K., Soussana J.-F. (2012) Chapter 13: Eddy covariance measurements over grasslands. In: Eddy Covariance: A practical guide to measurement and data analysis, Eds. Aubinet M., Vesala T., Papale D., Springer Atmospheric Sciences, 333-344. download | book

Niu S., Luo Y, Fei S., Yuan W., Schimel D., Law B.E., Ammann C., Arain A., Arneth A., Aubinet M., Barr A., Beringer J., Bernhofer C., Black A.T., Buchmann N., Cescatti A., Chen J., Davis K.J., Dellwik E., Desai A.R., Etzold S., Francois L., Gianelle D., Gielen B., Goldstein A., Groenendijk M., Gu L., Hanan N., Helfter C., Hirano T., Hollinger D.Y., Jones M., Kiely G., Kolb T.E., Kutsch W.L., Lafleur P., Lawrence D., Li. L., Lindroth A., Litvak M., Loustau D., Lund M., Marek M., Martin T., Matteucci G., Migliavacca M., Montagnani L., Moors E., Munger J.W., Noormets A., Oechel W., Olejnik J., Kyaw Tha Paw U, Pilegaard K., Rambal S., Raschi A., Scott R.S., Seufert G., Spano D., Stoy P., Sutton M.A., Varlagin A., Vesala T., Weng E., Wohlfahrt G., Yang B., Zhang Z., Zhou X. (2012) Thermal optimality of net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide and underlying mechanisms. New Phytologist 194, 775-783. download | journal

Vescovo L., Wohlfahrt G., Balzarolo M., Pilloni S., Rodeghiero M., Sottocornola M., Gianelle D. (2012) New spectral vegetation indices based on the near-infrared shoulder wavelengths for remote detection of grassland phytomass. International Journal of Remote Sensing 33, 2178-2195. download | journal


Groenendijk M., Dolman H., Ammann C., Arneth A., Cescatti A., Dragoni D., Gash J., Gianelle D., Gioli B., Kiely G., Knohl A., Law B., Lund M., Marcolla B., van der Molen M., Montagnani L., Moors E., Richardson A., Roupsard O., Verbeeck H., Wohlfahrt G. (2011) Seasonal variation of photosynthetic model parameters and leaf area index from global Fluxnet eddy covariance data. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, G04027, DOI:10.1029/2011JG001742. download | journal

Hörtnagl, L., Bamberger I., Graus M., Ruuskanen T. M., Schnitzhofer R., Müller M., Hansel A., and Wohlfahrt G. (2011), Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on methanol exchange above a temperate mountain grassland. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, G03021, DOI: 10.1029/2011JG001641. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS] | icon_star1 featured as Eos Research Spotlight

Bamberger I., Hörtnagl L., Ruuskanen T.M., Schnitzhofer R., Müller M., Graus M., Karl T., Wohlfahrt G., Hansel A. (2011) Deposition fluxes of terpenes over grassland. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D14305, DOI:10.1029/2010JD015457. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Balzarolo M., Anderson K., Nichol C., Rossini M., Vescovo L., Arriga N., Calvet J.-C., Carrara A., Cerasoli Salvatori S., Cogliati S., Eklundh L., Elbers J.A., Evrendilek F., Handcock R., Klumpp K., Longdoz B., Matteucci G., Meroni M., Moya I., Montagnani L., Ourcival J.-M., Pontailler J.-Y., Juszczak R., Scholes R.J., Wohlfahrt G., Martín M.P. (2011) Ground-based optical measurements at European flux sites: a review of methods, instruments and current controversies. Sensors 11, 7954-7981. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Wang T., Ciais P., Piao S., Ottle C., Brender P., Maignan F., Arain A., Cescatti A., Gianelle D., Gough C., Gu L., Lafleur P., Laurila T., Marcolla B., Margolis H., Montagnani L., Moors E., Saigusa N., Vesala T., Wohlfahrt G., Koven C., Black A., Dellwik E., Don A., Hollinger D., Knohl A., Monson R., Munger J., Suyker A. Varlagin A., Verma S. (2011) Controls on winter ecosystem respiration in temperate and boreal ecosystems. Biogeosciences 8, 2009-2025. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Brilli F., Hörtnagl L., Hammerle A., Haslwanter A., Hansel A., Loreto F., Wohlfahrt G. (2011) Leaf and ecosystem response to soil water availability in mountain grasslands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151, 1731-1740. download | journal

Brilli F., Ruuskanen T.M., Schnitzhofer R., Müller M., Breitenlechner M., Bittner V., Wohlfahrt G., Loreto F., Hansel A. (2011) Detection of Plant Volatiles after Leaf Wounding and Darkening by Proton Transfer Reaction “Time-of-Flight” Mass Spectrometry (PTR-TOF). PLoS ONE 6(5): e20419. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Ruuskanen T.M., Müller M., Schnitzhofer R., Karl T., Graus M., Bamberger I., Hörtnagl L., Brilli F., Wohlfahrt G., Hansel A. (2011) Eddy covariance VOC emission and deposition fluxes above grassland using PTR-TOF. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 611-625. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Migliavacca M., Reichstein M., Richardson A.D., Colombo R., Sutton M., Lasslop G., Wohlfahrt G., Tomelleri E., Carvalhais N., Cescatti A., Mahecha M., Montagnani L., Papale D., Zaehle S., Arain A., Arneth A., Black A.T., Dore S., Gianelle D., Helfter C., Hollinger D., Kutsch W., Law B.E., Lafleur P.M., Nouvellon Y., Rebmann C., da Rocha H., Rodeghiero M., Roupsard O., Sebastia M.-T., Seufert G., Soussana J.-F., van der Molen M.K. (2011) Semi-empirical modeling of abiotic and biotic factors controlling ecosystem respiration across eddy covariance sites. Global Change Biology 17, 390-409. download | journal

Groenendijk M., Dolman A.J., van der Molen M.K., Arneth A., Delpierre N., Gash J.H.C., Leuning R., Lindroth A., Richardson A.D., Verbeek H., Wohlfahrt G. (2011) Assessing parameter variability in a photosynthesis model within and between plant functional types using global Fluxnet eddy covariance data. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151, 22-38. download | journal

Noe S.M., Kimmel V. , Hüve K., Copolovici L.O., Portillo-Estrada M., Püttsepp Ü., Jõgiste K., Niinemets Ü., Hörtnagl L., Wohlfahrt G. (2011) Ecosystem-scale biosphere-atmosphere interactions of a hemiboreal mixed forest stand at Järvselja, Estonia. Forest Ecology and Management 262, 71-81. download | journal


Wohlfahrt G., Irschick C., Thalinger B., Hörtnagl L., Obojes N., Hammerle A. (2010) Insights from independent evapotranspiration estimates for closing the energy balance: a grassland case study. Vadose Zone Journal 9, 1025-1033. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Teuling A.J., Seneviratne S.I., Stöckli R., Reichstein M., Moors E., Ciais P., Luyssaert S., van den Hurk B., Ammann C., Bernhofer C., Dellwik E., Gianelle D., Gielen B., Grünwald T., Klumpp K., Montagnani L., Moureaux C., Sottocornola M., Wohlfahrt G. (2010) Contrasting response of European forest and grassland energy exchange to heat waves. Nature Geoscience 3, 722–727. download | journal

Yi C., Ricciuto D., Li R., Wolbeck J., Xu X., Aires L., Albertson J.D., Amiro B., Ammann C., Arain M.A., de Araujo A.C., Aubinet M., Aurela M., Baldocchi D.D., Barcza Z., Barr A., Berbigier P., Beringer J., Bernhofer C., Black A.T., Bolstad P.V., Bosveld F., Broadmeadow M.S.J., Buchmann N., Burns S.P., Cellier P., Chen J., Chen J., Ciais P., Clement R., Cook B. D., Curtis P.S., Dail B., Davis K.J., Dellwik E., Delpierre N., Desai A.R., Dolman H., Dore S., Dragoni D., Drake B.G., Dufrene E., Dunn A., Elbers J., Eugster W., Falk M., Feigenwinter C., Flanagan L.B., Foken T., Frank J., Fuhrer J., Gianelle D., Goldstein A., Goulden M., Granier A., Grünwald T., Gu L., Hammerle A., Han S., Hanan N.P., Haszpra L., Heinesch B., Helfter C., Hendriks D., Hollinger D.Y., Hutley L.B., Ibrom A., Jacobs C., Johansson T., Jongen M., Katul G., Kiely G., Klumpp K., Knohl A., Kolb T., Kutsch W.L., Lafleur P., Laurila T., Law B.E., Leuning R., Lindroth A., Liu H., Loubet B., Manca G., Marek M., Margolis H., Martin T.A., Massman W.J., Matamala R., Matteucci G., McCaughey H., Merbold L., Meyers T., Migliavacca M., Miglietta F., Misson L., Mölder M., Moncrieff J., Monson R.K., Montagnani L, Montes-Helu M., Moors E., Moureaux C., Mukelabai M.M., Munger J.W., Myklebust M., Nagy Z., Nilsson M., Noormets A., Oechel W., Oren R., Pallardy S.G., Papale D., Paw U K.T., Pereira J.S., Pilegaard K., Pinter K., Pio C., Pita G., Powell T. L., Rambal S., Randerson J.T., von Randow C., Rebmann C., Reichstein M., Richardson A.D., Rinne J., Rossi F., Roulet N., Ryel R.J., Sagerfors J., Saigusa N. , Sanz M.J., Mugnozza G.-S., Schmid H.P., Seufert G., Siqueria M., Soussana J.-F., Starr G., Stoy P., Sutton M., Tenhunen J., Tuba Z., Tuovinen J.-P., Valentini R., Vesala T., Vogel C.S., Wang S., Wang W., Welp L.R., Wen X., Wharton S., Wilkinson M., Williams C.A., Wofsy S.C., Wohlfahrt G., Yamamoto S., Yu G., Zampedri R., Zhang X., Zhao B., Zhao X. (2010) Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange across biomes and continents. Environmental Research Letters 5, 034007. download | journal | [OPEN ACCESS] icon_star1 Norbert Gerbier-MUMM International Award of the World Meteorological Organization

Schmitt M., Bahn M., Wohlfahrt G., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (2010) Land use affects the net ecosystem CO2 exchange and its components in mountain grasslands. Biogeosciences 7, 2297-2309. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Bamberger I., Hörtnagl L., Schnitzhofer R., Graus M., Ruuskanen T., Müller M., Dunkel J., Wohlfahrt G., Hansel A. (2010) BVOC fluxes above mountain grassland. Biogeosciences 7, 1413 1424. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Hörtnagl L., Clement R., Graus M., Hammerle A., Hansel A., Wohlfahrt G. (2010) Dealing with disjunct concentration measurements in eddy covariance applications: a comparison of available approaches. Atmospheric Environment 44, 2024-2032. download | journal

Müller M., Graus M., Ruuskanen T.M., Schnitzhofer R., Bamberger I., Kaser L., Titzmann T., Hörtnagl L., Wohlfahrt G., Karl T., Hansel A. (2010) First eddy covariance measurements by PTR TOF. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 3, 387-395. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Wohlfahrt G., Pilloni S., Hörtnagl L., Hammerle A. (2010) Estimating carbon dioxide fluxes from temperate mountain grasslands using broad-band vegetation indices. Biogeosciences 7, 683-694. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Lasslop G., Reichstein M., Papale D., Richardson A., Arneth A., Barr A., Stoy P., Wohlfahrt G. (2010) Separation of net ecosystem CO2 exchange into assimilation and respiration using a light response curve approach: critical issues and global evaluation. Global Change Biology 16, 187-208. download | journal


Stoy P.C., Richardson A.D., Baldocchi D.D., Katul G.G., Stanovick J., Mahecha M.D., Reichstein M., Detto M., Law B.E., Wohlfahrt G., Arriga N., Campos J., McCaughey J.H., Montagnani L., Paw U K.T., Sevanto S., Williams M. (2009) Biosphere-atmosphere exchange of CO2 in relation to climate: a cross-biome analysis across multiple time-scales. Biogeosciences 6, 2297-2312. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Wohlfahrt G., Hörtnagl L., Hammerle A., Graus M., Hansel A. (2009) Measuring eddy covariance fluxes of ozone with a slow-response analyser. Atmospheric Environment 43, 4570-4576. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Haslwanter A., Hörtnagl L., Jasoni R L., Fenstermaker L. F., Arnone J. A. III, Hammerle A. (2009) On the consequences of the energy imbalance for calculating surface conductance to water vapour. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149, 1556-1559. download | journal

Beer C., Ciais P., Reichstein M., Baldocchi D., Law B., Papale D., Soussana J.-F., Ammann C., Buchmann N., Frank D., Gianelle D., Janssens I.A., Knohl A., Köstner B., Moors E., Roupsard O., Verbeeck H., Vesala T., Williams C., Wohlfahrt G. (2009) Temporal and among-site variability of inherent water-use efficiency at the ecosystem scale. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23, GB2018, DOI:10.1029/2008GB003233. download | journal

Tenhunen J., Geyer R., Adiku S., Reichstein M., Tappeiner U., Bahn M., Cernusca A. Dinh N.Q., Kolcun O., Lohila A., Otieno D., Schmidt M., Schmitt M., Wang Q., Wartinger M., Wohlfahrt G. (2009) Influences of changing land use and CO2 concentration on ecosystem and landscape level carbon and water balances in mountainous terrain of the Stubai Valley, Austria. Global and Planetary Change 67, 29-43. download | journal

Teuling A.J., Hirschi M., Ohmura A., Wild M., Reichstein M., Ciais P., Buchmann N., Ammann C., Montagnani L., Richardson A.D., Wohlfahrt G., Seneviratne S. (2009) A regional perspective on trends in continental evaporation. Geophysical Research Letters 36, L02404, DOI:10.1029/2008GL036584. download | journal

Haslwanter A., Hammerle A., Wohlfahrt G. (2009) Open- vs. closed-path eddy covariance measurements of the net ecosystem carbon dioxide and water vapour exchange: a long-term perspective. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149, 291-302. download | journal


Fritsche J., Wohlfahrt G., Ammann Ch., Zeeman M.J., Hammerle A., Obrist D., Alewell Ch. (2008) Summertime elemental mercury exchange of temperate grasslands on an ecosystem‑scale. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, 7709-7722. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Cernusca A., Bahn M., Berninger F., Tappeiner U., Wohlfahrt G. (2008) Preface to CarboMont special issue: Effects of land-use changes on sources, sinks and fluxes of carbon in European mountain grasslands. Ecosystems 11, 1335‑1337. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Hammerle A., Haslwanter A., Bahn M., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (2008) Disentangling leaf area and environmental effects on the response of the net ecosystem CO2 exchange to diffuse radiation. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L16805, DOI:10.1029/2008GL035090. download | journal

Hammerle A., Haslwanter A., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. and Wohlfahrt G. (2008) Leaf area controls on energy partitioning of a temperate mountain grassland. Biogeosciences 5, 421-431. download | journal [OPEN ACCESS]

Wohlfahrt G., Anderson-Dunn M., Bahn M., Balzarolo M., Berninger F., Campbell C., Carrara A., Cescatti A., Christensen T., Dore S., Eugster W., Friborg T., Furger M., Gianelle D., Gimeno C., Hargreaves K., Hari P., Haslwanter A., Johansson T., Marcolla B., Milford C., Nagy Z., Nemitz E., Rogiers N., Sanz M.J., Siegwolf R.T.W., Susiluoto S., Sutton M., Tuba Z., Ugolini F., Valentini R., Zorer R., Cernusca A. (2008) Biotic, abiotic and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grasslands. Ecosystems 11, 1338‑1351. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Fenstermaker L.F., Arnone J.A. III (2008) Large annual net ecosystem CO2 uptake of a Mojave Desert ecosystem. Global Change Biology 14, 1475–1487. download | journal  icon_star1 featured as research highlight in the May 2008 issue of Nature Reports Climate Change  and as the News of the Week of the June 13 issue of Science

Wohlfahrt, G., A. Hammerle, A. Haslwanter, M. Bahn, U. Tappeiner, and A. Cernusca (2008), Seasonal and inter-annual variability of the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of a temperate mountain grassland: Effects of weather and management. Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D08110. DOI:10.1029/2007JD009286download | journal

Wieser G., Hammerle A., Wohlfahrt G. (2008) The water balance of grassland ecosystems in the Austrian Alps. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 40, 439–445download | journal

Bahn M., Rodeghiero M., Anderson M., Dore S., Gimeno S., Drösler M., Williams M., Ammann C., Berninger F., Flechard C., Jones S., Balzarolo M., Kumar S., Newesely C., Priwitzer T., Raschi A., Siegwolf R., Susiluoto S., Tenhunen J., Wohlfahrt G., Cernusca A. (2008) Soil respiration in European grasslands in relation to climate and assimilate supply. Ecosystems 11, 1352‑1367. download | journal


Gilmanov T.G., Soussana J.F., Aires L., Allard V., Ammann C., Balzarolo M., Barcza Z., Bernhofer C., Campbell C.L., Cernusca A., Cescatti A., Clifton-Brown J., Dirks B.O.M., Dore S., Eugster W., Fuhrer J., Gimeno C., Gruenwald T., Haszpra L., Hensen A., Ibrom A., Jacobs A.F.G., Jones M.B., Lanigan G., Laurila T., Lohila A., Manca G., Marcolla B., Nagy Z., Pilegaard K., Pinter K., Pio C., Raschi A., Rogiers N., Sanz M.J., Stefani P., Sutton M., Tuba Z., Valentini R., Williams M.L., Wohlfahrt G. (2007): Partitioning European grassland net ecosystem CO2 exchange into gross primary productivity and ecosystem respiration using light response function analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 121, 93-120. download | journal

Hammerle A., Haslwanter A., Schmitt M., Bahn M., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A., Wohlfahrt G. (2007) Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, latent and sensible energy fluxes above a meadow on a mountain slope. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 122, 397–416. download | journal

before 2007

Wohlfahrt G., Bianchi K., Cernusca A. (2006) Leaf and stem maximum water storage capacity of herbaceous plants in a mountain meadow. Journal of Hydrology 319, 383-390. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Bahn M., Haslwanter A., Newesely Ch., Cernusca A. (2005) Estimation of daytime ecosystem respiration to determine gross primary production of a mountain meadow. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 130, 13-25. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Anfang Ch., Bahn M., Haslwanter A., Newesely Ch., Schmitt M., Drösler M., Pfadenhauer J., Cernusca A. (2005) Quantifying nighttime ecosystem respiration of a meadow using eddy covariance, chambers and modelling. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 128, 141-162. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G. (2004) Modelling fluxes and concentrations of CO2 , H2O and sensible heat within and above a mountain meadow canopy: a comparison of three Lagrangian models and three parameterisation options for the Lagrangian time scale. Boundary-Layer Meteolorogy 113, 43-80. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Bahn M., Newesely Ch., Sapinsky S., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (2003) Canopy structure versus physiology effects on net photosynthesis of mountain grasslands differing in land use. Ecological Modelling 170, 407-426. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Cernusca A. (2002) Momentum transfer by a mountain meadow canopy: a simulation analysis based on Massman’s (1997) model. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 103, 391-407. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Sapinsky S., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (2001) Estimation of plant area index of grasslands from measurements of canopy radiation profiles. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 109, 1-12. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Bahn M., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (2001) A multi-component, multispecies model of vegetation-atmosphere CO2 and energy exchange for mountain grasslands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 106, 261-287. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Bahn M., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (2000) A model of whole plant gas exchange: model algorithms, parameterisation and validation for five herbaceous species from three mountain grassland sites differing in land use. Ecological Modelling 125, 173-201. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Bahn M., Haubner E., Horak I., Michaeler W., Rottmar K., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (1999) Inter-specific variation of the biochemical limitation to photosynthesis and related leaf traits of 30 species from mountain grassland differing in land use. Plant, Cell and Environment 22, 1281-1296. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Bahn M., Cernusca A. (1999) The use of the ratio between the photosynthesis parameters Pml and Vcmax for scaling up photosynthesis of C3 plants from leaves to canopies. A critical examination of different modelling approaches. Journal of Theoretical Biology 200, 163-181. download | journal

Wohlfahrt G., Bahn M., Horak I., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (1998) A nitrogen sensitive model of leaf carbon dioxide and water vapour gas exchange: application to 13 key species from differently managed mountain grassland ecosystems. Ecological Modelling 113, 179-199. download | journal